Esai

Printing and Thinking

Printing was an ancient invention of the Chinese. Europeans made the press a major tool of intellectual life with the advantages of a twenty-six-letter alphabet and a measure of freedom in some western European cities. Within four decades of printing the Gutenberg Bible in Mainz in 1455, printing was introduced into Islamic lands by Jews … Baca lebih lanjut

Esai

Dayak Journeys

The term Dayak covers many distinct speech groups in Kalimantan. Today it has the meaning of people living away from the coast, and includes nomadic groups, shifting cultivators, and settled peoples. The term is associated with tribal warfare, male fertility cults, tattooing, head hunting, and long houses where several families live together. Dayak has a … Baca lebih lanjut

Esai

Java Careers: The Story of Slamet

Slamet’s journey began in slavery. A Balinese slaver delivered him to Semarang where he became the employee of senior VOC merchant, Willem Dubbeldekop. In the port city world of north Java, the Hindu Balinese   converted   to   Islam   and   took   the   Muslim   Javanese   name   of Slamet. After Dubbeldekop emancipated him, Slamet set up in trade on … Baca lebih lanjut

Esai

Chinese Temples, Tombs, and Cemeteries

Chinese temples in Jakarta date from around 1650. Most are rectangular, multiroofed buildings set within a walled compound. Temples   contain   a   main   altar   and   image,   and   side   annexes   for   subsidiary deities. Wall panels inscribed in Chinese characters preserve the name   of   the   temple   god,   and   the   date   and   names   of   donors.   Some temples   were   open   … Baca lebih lanjut

Esai

Aborted Journey: From Marege’ to Australia

Australia’s   northern   shores   formed   the   southern   boundary   of   Indonesian   waters   for   sailors   from   Sulawesi.   They   were   hunting ground and worksite for Makasar and Bugis men, who fished for trepang which was in demand in Chinese markets. They secured use rights from Aboriginal communities by giving titles and flags to local chiefs and gifts of tobacco … Baca lebih lanjut